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Dr. Varada Arora is currently practicing as a Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist in Valencia IVF Center. Valencia IVF Center is one of the premier Fertility Clinics located in Lucknow. 

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What Are The Common Diseases During Pregnancy?

What are the common diseases during pregnancy?

Pregnancy is an exciting and transformative time in a person’s life. However, it can also be a time of heightened health concerns. Regular prenatal care can help prevent and manage common pregnancy complications. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the most common diseases that can occur during pregnancy, as well as their symptoms, treatments, and prevention strategies.

Prenatal Care: The Key To Preventing Common Pregnancy Complications

Regular prenatal checkups can help detect and prevent common pregnancy complications. Prenatal care includes monitoring the health of the mother and fetus, as well as addressing any concerns or questions the mother may have.

A healthy diet and exercise routine can also help prevent complications during pregnancy. It is important to discuss any dietary changes or exercise plans with your healthcare provider before making them. 

Common complications include preterm labor, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Preterm labor is when contractions begin too early, before 37 weeks of pregnancy. This can lead to complications for the baby, including respiratory distress syndrome. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and damage to organs. It can be life-threatening for both the mother and baby. Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It can lead to high birth weight, preterm labor, and other complications.

Talk to your healthcare provider about any concerns or questions you have about prenatal care. They can provide guidance and support to help ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Gestational Diabetes: Symptoms, Treatment, And Prevention

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and affects up to 10% of pregnant women. It is caused by hormonal changes that affect the way the body uses insulin. If left untreated, it can lead to complications for both the mother and fetus.

Symptoms

Symptoms of gestational diabetes can include: 

  • High blood sugar 
  • Frequent urination 
  • Increased thirst 

Most women with gestational diabetes do not show any symptoms, which is why testing is important.

Treatment

Treatment for gestational diabetes often involves making lifestyle changes, such as: 

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet 
  • Exercising regularly 
  • Monitoring blood sugar levels 

In some cases, medication may be necessary to keep blood sugar levels under control.

Prevention

To help prevent gestational diabetes: 

  • Maintain a healthy weight before and during pregnancy 
  • Eat a balanced diet that includes whole grains, fruits, and vegetables Exercise regularly, with guidance from your healthcare provider 

It is important to get tested for gestational diabetes between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, even if you have no symptoms. Early detection and management can help prevent complications for you and your baby.

Hypertension During Pregnancy: Causes And Risk Factors

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, during pregnancy can be dangerous for both the mother and fetus. It affects approximately 10% of pregnant women.

Causes of Hypertension During Pregnancy

There are two main types of hypertension that can occur during pregnancy: 

Gestational hypertension: Develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and goes away after delivery. 

Chronic hypertension: High blood pressure that was present before pregnancy or develops before 20 weeks of pregnancy. 

Other potential causes of hypertension during pregnancy include: 

  • Obesity 
  • Family history of hypertension 
  • Preexisting hypertension 
  • Multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.) 
  • Age (over 40 years old or under 20 years old) 
  • Renal disease

Risk Factors for Hypertension During Pregnancy

Women with the following risk factors may be more likely to develop hypertension during pregnancy: 

  • Obesity 
  • Family history of hypertension 
  • Preexisting hypertension 
  • Age (over 40 years old or under 20 years old) 
  • Renal disease 
  • Carrying multiple fetuses (twins, triplets, etc.) 

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertension During Pregnancy

Monitoring blood pressure during prenatal visits can help detect and manage hypertension. Treatment may include medication, bed rest, and close monitoring. Complications from hypertension during pregnancy can include preterm labor, preeclampsia, and placental abruption. 

If you have hypertension during pregnancy, it is important to work closely with your healthcare provider to manage your condition and reduce your risk of complications.

Complications During Labor And Delivery: What You Need To Know

Labor and delivery can be unpredictable, and sometimes, complications arise that require medical intervention. Some of the most common complications include: 

  • Fetal distress: This can occur if the fetus is not receiving enough oxygen or if the fetal heart rate is abnormal. It may require immediate intervention, such as an emergency C-section. 
  • Abnormal presentation: If the baby is not in the head-down position, the delivery may require assistance from forceps or a vacuum extractor. 
  • Vaginal tearing: This can occur during a vaginal delivery and may require stitches to heal properly. 

 

If complications do arise, medical interventions may be necessary. These interventions can include: 

  • Induced labor: If labor does not start on its own, medications may be given to stimulate contractions and help move the labor process along. 
  • Assisted delivery: This can include the use of forceps or a vacuum to help guide the baby out of the birth canal. 
  • Cesarean section: In some cases, a C-section may be necessary if vaginal delivery is not possible or is not safe for the mother or baby. 

It is important to have a birth plan in place and communicate any concerns or preferences with your healthcare provider. However, it is also important to remember that complications can occur even with the most meticulous prenatal care. Trust in your healthcare team and know that they will do everything they can to ensure a safe delivery for both you and your baby.

Possible Infections During Pregnancy And How To Prevent Them

During pregnancy, certain infections can be harmful to both the mother and fetus. It is important to be aware of possible infections and how to prevent from infections during pregnancy.

Possible Infections

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) – UTIs are common during pregnancy due to changes in the urinary tract. Symptoms may include pain or burning during urination, frequent urination, and lower abdominal pain. 

Bacterial Vaginosis – Bacterial vaginosis is a common vaginal infection that can increase the risk of preterm labor and delivery. Symptoms may include abnormal vaginal discharge and itching.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) – STIs such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis can be passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy and can cause serious complications. 

Prevention

Good hygiene – Practice good hygiene, including washing your hands frequently and regularly showering or bathing. 

Safe sex practices – Use condoms during sexual activity to prevent the spread of STIs. 

Avoid contact with sick individuals – Avoid close contact with individuals who are sick or have a contagious infection. 

If you experience any symptoms of infection, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider right away. Prompt treatment can help prevent complications and ensure the health of both you and your baby. 

Conclusion

Pregnancy can be an exciting, yet challenging time for mothers and their partners. Fortunately, with proper prenatal care and attention to symptoms, many common pregnancy complications can be prevented or managed effectively. By maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine, monitoring blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and staying up-to-date on recommended prenatal checkups, mothers can increase their chances of having a safe and healthy pregnancy. Remember to always communicate with your healthcare provider about any concerns or questions you may have. With proper care and attention, pregnancy can be a truly joyful experience for both mother and child.

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Dr. Varada Arora is currently practicing as a Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist in Valencia IVF Center. Valencia IVF Center is one of the premier Fertility Clinics located in Lucknow. It is just 12 kilometres away from Central railway station and bus terminal.